The Shroud of Turin is believed by many to depict the literal face of Jesus Christ, the Christian Messiah, following his burial. It’s one of the most coveted historical relics known to man. But is it real, or is it a masterful fake from the Middle Ages? A new study analyzed DNA samples taken from the shroud. However, the results may have only added to the deep mystery surrounding this ancient religious artifact.

The Shroud of Turin is a simple piece of twill cloth bearing traces of blood and a subtle imprint of a man’s body. Thousands of people visit the shroud each year to see the object that covered Jesus Christ’s battered body prior to the Resurrection.

Photo by Pierre Perrin/Sygma via Getty Images